The name ‘locative’ comes from the Latin word locus (place), and in Croatian the locative case primarily determines the place of an action.
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The locative is thought of as the “place-case” and mostly determines the place of an action (e.g. Ja sam u školi → I’m in school). In some cases, it can also be used to denotate the time (e.g. u tom trenutku → at that moment).
The rules on when to use the locative are very straightforward. It’s used only with the following prepositions: